- What is a citation?
- Why cite websites?
- How to cite a website with no author
- How to cite a website with an author
- How to cite a website with no date
- How to cite a website with no page numbers
- How to cite a website in MLA format
- How to cite a website in APA format
- How to cite a website in Chicago style
Wondering how to cite a website with no author? We have the answer! Check out our blog post for everything you need to know.
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In general, you should cite website sources in your list of references by including the author, date, title, and URL. However, if a website does not have an author, you can still include other identifying information.
When there is no author listed for a web page, the title of the page or article is used in its place. If there is no obvious title, as may be the case with some websites that consist mainly of long lists of statistical data or other information presented in tables or charts, provide a brief description in brackets after the URL. The date that you accessed the web page can also be included if there is no publication date listed.
What is a citation?
A citation is a reference to a source. Citations are required in research papers in order to attribute original work and ideas to the proper authors. These citations usually correspond to entries in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your paper. When citing sources with no author, use the title of the piece in quotation marks and the date, such as (“Title of Page”, n.d.).
Why cite websites?
You should always cite sources you consult, even if you do not directly quote them or paraphrase them in your paper. Citing sources ensures that you give credit to the people whose work you have used, allows your reader to find the materials you consulted if they wish to do so, and helps prevent plagiarism.
If a website has no author, cite the title of the website in your text.
You can find more information on how to cite websites with no author in the APA Style Guide.
The format for creating a Harvard reference for a website with an author is:
AUTHOR(S), Year of publication. Title of document [viewed date]. Available at: URL
Weston, P., 2018. Citing websites [online]. Available at: https://library.wcsu.edu/create-cite/ MLA 8th Edition (Modern Language Association). 2020. MLA Style Guide, 8th edition: Writing and Research Methods Part 1 of 4 – Citing Your Sources. [online] Available at: https://www.mhcc.edu/library/HowToCiteSourcesInMLAStylePart1of4RefWorksCitationsOnline databases
How to cite a website with no date
It can be tricky to cite a Website with no author or date, but there are a few ways to do it.
If you can find an author or date, use that:
Author, A. (Year). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://URL
If you can’t find an author or date, use the website’s title and the date you accessed it:
Title of webpage. (Date you accessed it). Retrieved from http://URL
How to cite a website with no page numbers
Citing a website with no author can be tricky, but there are a few different ways you can do it. One option is to include the name of the website in your citation, along with the date you accessed it and the URL. Another option is to use a shortened version of the website’s title in your citation.
If you’re using MLA format, you can also include the name of the website’s publisher (if there is one) in your citation. Here are a few examples of how to cite a website with no author in MLA format:
Website with no author and no publisher:
“Title of webpage.” Website Name. Date you accessed webpage, URL.
Website with no author and a publisher:
“Title of webpage.” Publisher Name. Date you accessed webpage, URL.
How to cite a website in MLA format
To cite a website in MLA format, you must include the website name, the date you accessed it, and the URL. For example:
“Website Title.” Date of publication or last update. Name of sponsoring institution or organization. Date you accessed the website.
How to cite a website in APA format
When a website has no identifiable author, you can often find an organization name somewhere on the site. If there is no organization name, use the title of the page (or article) in place of the author.
If there is no date, use “n.d.” in place of the year. Remember to include as much information as possible so that your reader can find the source easily.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (n.d.). Title of document or page on website. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx
How to cite a website in Chicago style
When a website has no clear author, you can often find the name of the website’s organization or sponsor in the “about” section of the site. If no author is given, start with the title of the page or website. If there is no date given on the site, use n.d. (for “no date”).
Here are some examples:
The Purdue Online Writing Lab. “MLA Formatting and Style Guide.” The Purdue University Online Writing Lab, 2016, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/.
“Chicago Manual of Style Documentation.” The Chicago Manual of Style Online, 2010, http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide2.html#websites.