It is common for websites to not have authors listed. If you cannot find the author, begin the citation with the title of the website.
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In APA Style, a source without an author is cited by its title in the signal phrase or parenthetical citation in the reference list. Titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are given in double quotation marks; titles of books and reports are given in italics.
What is APA?
APA is the American Psychological Association’s style of writing and citation. APA style is used in the social sciences, including disciplines such as psychology, sociology, and anthropology. APA style dictates that website articles with no author be cited by the article title, website name, website publication date, and URL.
How to cite a website with no author in APA
In APA, websites are considered a type of “online document.” If a website has no author, use the title of the page (in quotation marks) as the author. In the reference list, it would look like this:
“Title of Web Page.” Website Name. Date published (if available), URL.
How to cite a website with an author in APA
Depending on the type of website you are citing, you may need to include different information. For example, if you are citing a blog post, you would include the author’s name, the date of publication, the title of the blog post, and the URL. However, if you are citing a website with no author, you would simply include the date of publication, the title of the website, and the URL. Here is an example of how to cite a website with no author in APA:
Title of Website. (Date published). Retrieved from URL
How to cite a website with no date in APA
When a website has no author, use the title of the page (in italics) as the reference in your Works Cited list. If there is no date given on the website, use “n.d.” (for “no date”) in your citation, as shown in the first example below.
If there is a date given on the site, use that after the title (as shown in the second example).
Finally, include the URL at the end of your citation. Remember to omit “https://” from websites’ URLs when citing them in APA format; simply include “www.” If there is no specific page you want to cite within a website, you can simply cite the website itself.
Example 1: (website with no author and no date)
Best Cat Food Brands. n.d. www.topcatfoodbrands.com/best-dry-cat-food.
Example 2: (website with no author and a date)
American Kennel Club. 2019. www.akc.org/expert-advice/lifestyle/best-indoor-outdoor-dogs/.
How to cite a website with a date in APA
In APA, secondary sources are sources that are cited in another source. To cite a website with a date in APA, use the following format:
`Last name, F.M. (Year, Month Day). Article Title. Retrieved from URL`
`Smith, J. (2014, June 5). How to cite a website with no author in APA. Retrieved from https://owlcation.com/academia/How-to-Cite-a-Website-with-No-Author-in-APA`
How to cite a website in APA with no page numbers
If there is no author, the entry should begin with the title of the website.
Title of Website. (Date you accessed it). Available at: http://www……
No date: If there is no date, use the abbreviation n.d. for “no date.” (This is different from “ND” which stands for “Not Dated”.)
Title of Website. (n.d.) Available at: http://www……
How to cite a website in APA with page numbers
Citing a website with no author in APA format can be tricky, especially if you are using a website that does not have page numbers. However, there are a few simple rules that you can follow to make sure that your citation is complete and accurate.
To cite a website with no author in APA format, you will need to include the date on which you accessed the website, as well as the URL. For example:
“No author cited.” (n.d.) Title of Website. Retrieved from http://www.websiteaddress.com
If you would like to include a specific page from the website in your citation, you can add the page number after the date:
“No author cited.” (n.d.) Title of Website. Retrieved from http://www.websiteaddress.com/specific-page
If you are using a website that does not have page numbers, you can instead include a section heading or overview after the date:
“No author cited.” (n.d.) Title of Website. Retrieved from http://www.websiteaddress.com/specific-section
How to cite a website in APA with no author and no date
When citing a website in APA style, you will need the following pieces of information:
-The name of the website
-The date you accessed the website
-The URL of the website
If the website you are citing does not have an author, begin with the title of the website. If there is no date listed on the website, use (n.d.) in place of a date. The URL should be the home page URL for the website. See the example below.
Title of Website. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.websiteaddress.com
If a website has no author, use the word “Anonymous” in the place of the author’s name(s). If the website also has no date, use “n.d.” (for “no date”) in the place of the year.