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An in-text citation is a citation within your writing that shows where you found your information, facts, quotes, and research. All APA in-text citations require the same basic information:
Author’s last name (no first names or initials)
Year of publication (or “n.d.” if there is “no date”: (Smith, n.d., p. 1))
Page number (if available)
What is an in-text citation?
An in-text citation is a way of referencing an academic source within the body of your essay. It allows your reader to see where you have used sources in your work, and helps to avoid any potential plagiarism issues.
There are two main types of in-text citation:
1. Parenthetical reference: This is where you include the author’s name and the date of publication in brackets after the relevant section of text. For example: (Smith, 2019).
2. Narrative reference: This is where you mention the author’s name as part of the sentence, rather than using brackets. For example: Smith (2019) argues that…
Why do we need in-text citations?
In-text citations are needed to give credit to the sources you are using in your paper. They appear in the body of your paper and use a brief, parenthetical citation to reference an external source.
External sources can include:
-Articles from journals, magazines, or newspapers
In-text citations help your reader find the full citation for your source in the Works Cited page at the end of your paper. They also show that you are thinking about the ideas of other scholars and incorporating them into your own thinking.
How to do an in-text citation for a website
When you are quoting from a website, you will need to include both the URL of the website as well as the date that you accessed it. This is because websites are often revised and updated, so you want your reader to be able to go back and check that the information you are providing is still accurate.
In MLA format, the in-text citation for a website looks like this:
(Author’s Last Name, Page Title, Website Title, URL).
For example, if you were quoting from the website Wikipedia, your in-text citation would look like this:
(Wikipedia contributors, “In-text citation,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=In-text_citation&oldid=935658753 (accessed October 15, 2020)).
What to include in an in-text citation for a website
When citing a website in-text, you need to include the following information:
-The name of the author (if available)
-The date of publication (if available)
-The page title or article title (in quotation marks)
According to John Smith, “Citing websites can be tricky” (Smith, 2016, “How To Do An Intext Citation For A Website?”).
How to format an in-text citation for a website
There are a few different ways to format an in-text citation for a website, but the most common way is to include the author’s last name, followed by the date of publication. For example: (Smith, 2019). If you don’t know the author’s last name, you can use the website’s title instead. For example: (“How to format an in-text citation for a website,” 2019).
Examples of in-text citations for a website
There are a few different ways to cite a website in-text, depending on how much information you have about the website.
If you know the author of the website:
(Author’s Last Name, year)
For example: (Smith, 2019)
If you know the title of the website:
(“Title of Website,” year)
For example: (“How to Do an In-Text Citation for a Website,” 2019)
If you don’t know either the author or title of the website:
(“Website Title,” year, URL) For example: (“Intext Citation Guide,” 2019, https://www.intextcitation.net/ ).
When to use an in-text citation for a website
An in-text citation is a citation within your text that shows where you found your information, facts, quotes, and research. All in-text citations must include the following information:
-The last name of the author OR the first letter of the author’s last name if you cannot find the author’s name anywhere on the page.
-The year the work was created or published. If no date is given, use (n.d.) to show that no date is available.
-The page number or other location information such as a section heading. If there is no page number, just leave it out.
Things to avoid when doing an in-text citation for a website
There are a few things you want to avoid when doing an in-text citation for a website which include:
-Using the URL of the website as the citation.
-Citing a general website article without referencing a specific article.
-Failure to include the date you accessed the website.
After you have located and evaluated the sources for your research paper, you need to cite them in your paper. An in-text citation is a way to show the reader where you got the information from. It includes the author’s last name and the page number where you found the information.
Here is an example of an in-text citation for a website:
According to Smith (2017), “Citing sources is important because it shows where you got your information” (p. 2).
And here is an example of an in-text citation for a specific piece of information on a website:
The author states that “citing sources is important” (Smith, 2017, p. 2).